Traopogan planta lata (Goats Beard)
Medicinal uses: Salsify, or Goats Beard is considered to be a useful remedy for the liver and gallbladder. It appears to have a detoxifying effect and may stimulate the appetite and digestion. Its high inulin content makes this herb a useful food for diabetics since inulin is a nutrient made of fructose rather than glucose units and therefore does not raise blood sugar levels. The root has medicinal properties that have been used for its ability to contract tissue, purify and cleanse the blood, induce urination, induce the removal (coughing up) of mucous secretions from the lungs, increase weight, and give strength and tone to the stomach. A syrup made from the root gives great relief in cases of obstinate coughs and bronchitis. A decoction of the root has been given in the treatment of heartburn, loss of appetite and disorders of the breast or liver.
Ban Lan Gen (Isatis Root)
They reduce fever and heat, cool the blood and throat, and reduce activity of virulent virus' and microbes. Isatis is one of the most effective Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) herbs used as an herbal antibiotic, antiseptic and anti-viral. TCM doctors use it whenever there are signs of fever or toxic heat from viral illness, blood poisoning, leukemia, hepatitis, meningitis, scarlet fever, laryngitis, tonsillitis, mumps, and other similar ailments. It is an effective alternative to Western prescription antibiotics in some cases. Indirubin (found in Isatis) binds to and blocks enzymes that govern cell division, thus stopping the proliferation of blood cancer cells. An article in Nature Cell Biology reported the results of a study examining the effects of indirubin extract on chronic myelocytic and chronic granulocytic leukemia. According to the report, 26 percent of the chronic myelocytic leukemia patients showed complete remission and 33 percent showed partial remission. Remissions lasted up to several years. The toxicity of the extract was relatively mild (Hoessel et al., 1999).
In laboratory studies of mice, isatis root polysaccharides increased the weight of the spleen and number of white blood cells and lymphocytes significantly, as well as neutralizing some of the immune suppression caused by hydrocortisone (Xu and Lu, 1991).
Xuan Shen (Scrophularia)
clears heat, cool blood, fever, constipation, relieve toxicity, swollen-red eyes, sore throat, dissipates phlegm fire nodules. Also uses for chronic skin diseases such as eczema, itching, and psoriasis, and hemorrhoids, swelling, and eruptions.
Bai Hua Shi Shi Cao (Oldenlandia)
clears toxic heat and fire – reduce abscess, toxic sores, ulcerations, swellings, snakebite (internal and external application)
Mu Dan Pi (Mountan Peony Root Cortex)
clears heat, cool blood – nose bleed, bloody sputum, profuse menses -clears liver blood stasis – amenorrhea, abdominal mass, bruise’s-clears rising liver fire – headache, eye pain, dysmenorrhoea, drains pus, reduces swelling – topically for non-draining sores. Also Used For: spasms, epilepsy, excitability, whooping cough, arthritis, bowel complaints, as an emetic, and for inducing menstruation. Mu Dan Pi/Peony root is used for arthritis, GI tract diseases, the heart and circulatory system, neuralgia, migraines, as a tonic, and for chronic fatigue syndrome.
Huang Bai (Phellodendron)
Phellodendron bark is bitter in taste and cold in action. It reduces inflammation and dampness, especially from the lower parts of the body. It has broad-spectrum anti-bacterial and anti-viral activity. The berberine-free raction of phellodendron bark exhibited anti-ulcer activity, anti-inflammatory properties, reduction of gastric acid secretion, and anti-cholera toxin effects (Uchiyama et al., 1989).
Chinese studies on phellodendron bark show a broad-spectrum antibiotic effect against organisms that cause diptheria, dysentery, typhoid fever, staph infections, pneumonia, conjunctivitis, trachoma and meningitis. It is often used in injectable form (reported in Huang, 1999, reported in Yeung, 1983). Studies have shown action against various forms of candida, as well as viruses (Park et al., 1999).
In tests examining eight different herbs, phellodendron bark proved to be the most potent suppressor of immune inflammation in animal graft-versus-host reactions (Mori et al., 1994). In a later study, the same researcher discovered that unlike cortisone like drugs, phellodendron bark did not suppress antibody production (Mori et al., 1995).
Ma Bo (Lasiosphaera)
clears toxic lung fire, painful swollen throat, loss of voice, cough.
Fu Ling (Poria)
Poria mushroom is commonly used in Traditional Chinese Medicine because it is a gentle and safe aid for removing stagnant fluids (dampness) from the digestive system. In our TCM clinical practice, perhaps as many as 40% of our patients have impaired or sluggish digestion, and many of them cannot tolerate strong herbs at first. Poria is an excellent choice in these cases, as it safely improves digestion. It is also used for urinary difficulty and edema. It can be used freely. Recently, studies have shown it to have immune system benefits similar to those of other medicinal mushrooms, though perhaps milder. Japanese scientists reported that Poria mushroom stimulated various immune system chemicals (interleukins and tumor necrosis factor), while suppressing a growth factor (Yu et al., 1996).
It has also been shown to slow tumor growth in mice (Kaminaga T, et. al, 1996), and to prevent pathological changes to the kidneys of mice with nephritis (Hattori et al., 1992). The saponins found in poria mushroom possess a calming effect on digestion that proved strong enough to prevent vomiting in frogs who were given an emetic agent (Tai T et al. 1995).
Also Used For: Traditionally, Fu Ling/Poria mushroom filaments have been used for amnesia, anxiety, restlessness, fatigue, tension, nervousness, dizziness, dysuria and urination problems, edema, insomnia, splenitis, stomach problems, diarrhea, tumors, and as an antitussive. In herbal combinations, poria filaments have been used as a component of various herbal combinations for treating diarrhea, chronic glomerulonephritis, tinnitus, and for decreasing upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding.
Gan Cao (glycerrhizae)
Traditionally, used for gastric and duodenal ulcers, sore throat, bronchitis, chronic gastritis, colic, primary adrenocortical insufficiency, dry cough, arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and for bacterial and viral infections. It is also used for liver disorders, hypokalemia, hypertonia, malaria, tuberculosis, abscesses, food poisoning, diabetes insipidus, and contact dermatitis. Licorice has antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, laxative, and soothing properties. The constituents, glycyrrhizin and glycyrrhetinic acid, inhibit 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. This inhibition blocks metabolism of prostaglandins E and F2 alpha and may be responsible for peptic ulcer healing observed with these products. Ingredients: Tragopogon planta tota, Isatis root, Lasiosphaera fungus, Scrophulariaroot, Oldenlandia herb, Moutan peony bark, Phellodendron bark, Poria Cocos Sclerotium, Glycerrhizae uralnsis radix.